Answer - B - During an overhead squat assessment, if the client’s arms fall forward, it is likely that the Latissimus dorsi is overactive. This assessment is made by observing the upper body during the overhead squat.
The latissimus dorsi is a large muscle that spans the width of the back and attaches to the upper arm bone. It plays an important role in shoulder extension, adduction, and internal rotation. This overactive muscle can pull the shoulders into internal rotation and cause the arms to fall forward during an overhead squat.
Other muscles that could also be overactive and contribute to this movement pattern include the pectoralis major, teres major, and the subscapularis, all of which are internal rotators of the shoulder. However, a full assessment of the client's movement patterns and muscle imbalances would be necessary to make a definitive diagnosis.