CLEP Western Civ I

Category - Ancient Greece

What is the mass military formation used by Alexander the Great of Macedonia through his conquest of Asia? Hint: This formation utilized shields and long spears called saris as, and enabled the infantry to make great strides to push through enemy soldiers.
  1. Phalanx
  2. Herringbone
  3. Shield wall
  4. Testudo
  5. Echelon
Answer: A - The phalanx was the formation heavily favored by the Greeks. Originally the Greek word for finger, the phalanx formation incorporates full body armor, a shield, a sword, or a spear. Alexander the Great preferred to use a sarissa, a longer spear that required two hands to use, during his campaign through Asia. Because of its efficacy, the Greeks easily crushed their enemies as they marched through Asia Minor.
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