For what were Julius and Ethel Rosenberg tried and found guilty?
  1. Being spies for Germany
  2. Being spies for Italy
  3. Giving information about the atomic bomb to the Soviet Union
  4. Giving up their U.S. citizenship and becoming communists
Answer - C - Julius and Ethel Rosenberg were tried and found guilty for giving the Soviet Union information about the atomic bomb.

Key Takeaway: Julius and Ethel Rosenberg were United States citizens who were accused, tried, and found guilty of giving the Soviet Union information about the atomic bomb. Both of the Rosenbergs were executed in 1953, despite a great deal of public protest. This was probably the most famous spy case involved in the anti-communist movement in the 1950s.
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Additional Answers

Ted Chan, MBA says:

The Rosenbergs were charged with conspiracy to commit espionage with the trial beginning in 1951. Both were found guilty, and on April 5 the couple was sentenced to death. The constitutionality and applicability of the Espionage Act of 1917, under which the Rosenbergs were tried, as well as the impartiality of the trial judge, Irving R. Kaufman—who in pronouncing sentence had accused them of a crime “worse than murder”—were key issues during the appeals process. Seven different appeals reached the Supreme Court of the United States and were denied, and pleas for executive clemency were dismissed by Pres. Harry Truman in 1952 and Pres. Dwight Eisenhower in 1953. A worldwide clemency campaign failed. and the Rosenbergs were executed in the electric chair at Sing Sing Prison in Ossining, New York. Ethel became the first woman executed by the U.S. government since Mary Surratt was hanged in 1865 for her alleged role in the assassination of Abraham Lincoln.

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