Answer: D - Harvard psychologist Howard Gardner is responsible for the multiple intelligences theory. The theory suggests traditional views of intelligence are too confining. Gardner suggested there are eight and possibly nine intelligences.
Howard Gardner’s Nine Intelligences
-Verbal-linguistic intelligence (well-developed verbal skills and sensitivity to the sounds, meanings, and rhythms of words
-Logical-mathematical intelligence (ability to think conceptually and abstractly, and capacity to discern logical and numerical patterns
-Spatial-visual intelligence (capacity to think in images and pictures, to visualize accurately and abstractly
-Bodily-kinesthetic intelligence (ability to control one’s body movements and to handle objects skillfully
-Musical intelligence (ability to produce and appreciate rhythm, pitch, and timber
-Interpersonal intelligence (capacity to detect and respond appropriately to the moods, motivations, and desires of others
-Intrapersonal (capacity to be self-aware and in tune with inner feelings, values, beliefs, and thinking processes)
-Naturalist intelligence (ability to recognize and categorize plants, animals, and other objects in nature)
-Existential intelligence (sensitivity and capacity to tackle deep questions about human existence such as, “What is the meaning of life? Why do we die? How did we get here?”
Note that Gardner's name is spelled Gardner, not Gardener!