CLEP US History II

Category - Agriculture

Following the Civil War, which legislation ultimately allowed 400,000 American families to settle new land and develop it for farming?
  1. Homestead Act
  2. Lend-Lease Act
  3. Cooperative Extension Service
  4. Farm Credit System
  5. Agricultural Adjustment Association
Answer: A - The Homestead Act of 1862 sold tracts of western land (primarily in the Great Plains) to American citizens so cheaply that the government practically gave it away. It ultimately allowed 400,000 American families to establish private farms. Though the legislation was passed during the Civil War, Americans didn’t begin to really take advantage of the offer until after the fighting ended. Between 1860 and 1905, the number of farms in the United States tripled from two to six million.
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