Mrs. Gardner is a first-grade teacher who uses a variety of approaches to teaching literacy. She begins each day with Circle Time. During this portion of the morning, she introduces new vocabulary by showing her students the words, modeling them being sounded out and written, and then has the students do a variety of creative activities with the words. She then reads them a short, patterned book containing the words. She uses multiple readings and encourages choral reading. She may also use cloze activities and student-made books to extend the students’ learning. Mrs. Gardner’s teaching style most likely models which approach to learning?