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CNS Nutrition Specialist Exam Prep Question List

21 Steatorrhea may be caused by:
  1. Disruption in the activity of pancreatic enzymes
  2. Excessive production of bile salts by the liver
  3. Lack of intrinsic factor
  4. Intake of more than 70 grams of fat per day
See Answer
22 Maple-syrup urine disease (MSUD) is an autosomal recessive disorder in infants caused by:
  1. The inability to metabolize branched-chain amino acids
  2. Plasma leucine levels exceeding 10 mg/dl
  3. A defect in the gene that controls the activity of alpha-keto acid hydrogenase
  4. A & C
See Answer
23 Food intolerance is distinguished from food allergy in what way:
  1. Food intolerance is diagnosed by challenge tests.
  2. One of the causes of food intolerance is the passage of intact proteins across the gastrointestinal tract.
  3. There is no immunologic reaction with food intolerance.
  4. The body uses cellular immunity to combat food intolerance.
See Answer
24 Cow’s milk is unsuitable for infants less than a year of age due to:
  1. Large amounts of whey protein
  2. Inadequate fat content
  3. High cholesterol level
  4. High renal solute load
See Answer
25 Addison’s disease is caused by the deterioration of the adrenal cortex, and results in hypoglycemia, weight loss, and muscle wasting. Dietary intervention includes:
  1. A high protein diet with liberal sodium
  2. A high protein diet with restricted sodium
  3. Frequent meals with 50-60 grams of complex carbohydrates
  4. A & C
See Answer