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CNS Nutrition Specialist Exam Prep Question List

16 Which of the following is true for reactive hypoglycemia?
  1. It is defined as a plasma glucose level less than 70 mg/dl.
  2. It is treated with a diet high in complex carbohydrates.
  3. It is diagnosed by measuring blood glucose levels one hour after eating.
  4. Peak insulin activity occurs 90-180 minutes after food is eaten.
See Answer
17 Nutrient needs of infants diagnosed with bronchopulmonary dysplasia:
  1. Are linked with linear growth
  2. May include a resting energy expenditure 50% higher than that of normal infants
  3. May include use of diuretics to regulate water balance
  4. All of the above
See Answer
18 A food frequency questionnaire differs from a 24-hour recall in what way:
  1. A food frequency questionnaire does not inquire about portion sizes.
  2. The 24-hour recall asks about typical meal patterns.
  3. A food frequency questionnaire allows open-ended responses.
  4. A food frequency questionnaire always asks about the same types of foods.
See Answer
19 Examples of foods avoided on a low-purine diet are:
  1. Eggs, cheese, peanut butter
  2. Sardines, broth, organ meats
  3. Carrots, tomatoes, corn
  4. Bread, crackers, cold cereal
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20 A 25-year old female patient recovering from surgery to correct an intestinal obstruction needs complete bowel rest which necessitates the use of Total Parenteral Nutrition (TPN). The patient was 10 pounds underweight prior to surgery and is occasionally febrile. Which of the following formulations would be most appropriate for this patient?
  1. 30 kcals, 1 g protein, 30 ml fluid per kg/body weight;100 mg vitamin C, 5 mg zinc per day
  2. 45 kcals, 2 g protein, 35 ml fluid per kg/body weight; 200 mg vitamin C, 6 mg zinc per day
  3. 60 kcals, 3 g protein, 40 ml fluid per kg/body weight; 500 mg vitamin C, 10 mg zinc per day
  4. None of the above
See Answer