CLEP Western Civ I

Category - Ancient Greece

What was the Greek War fought between the city-state Athens and the Peloponnesian League led by the state of Sparta in 431 to 404 BC, which defeated Athens and devastated the city-state for many years?
  1. Marathon War
  2. Peloponnesian War
  3. Spartan War
  4. Theban War
  5. Athenian War
Answer: B - The Peloponnesian War was a series of wars fought by the Athens city-states against the Peloponnesian League led by Sparta. It transformed the ancient Greek world through the conquest of Athens, which meant that the prosperous city-state lived in stark poverty, never able to regain its former economic glory. The distrust of those city-states in power increased the number of civil wars around Greece. The Peloponnesian War devastated Greece in such a way that it was unable to recover.
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