CLEP Intro Edu Psych

Category - Behavioral Perspective

In his classic experiment, Pavlov paired ringing a bell with feeding his dogs. Eventually, the dogs began to salivate when they heard the bell ring, even when there was no food. This is an example of:
  1. Counter-conditioning
  2. Classical conditioning
  3. Operant conditioning
  4. None of the above
Explanation
Answer: B - Pavlov’s experiment is an example of classical conditioning. Classical conditioning is a form of learning that occurs when a neutral stimulus is paired with an unconditioned stimulus, leading to an unconditioned response. Eventually the neutral stimulus becomes a conditioned response that elicits a conditioned response. In this example, the neutral stimulus is the bell, the unconditioned stimulus is the food and the unconditioned response is the salivation. Eventually, the bell becomes the conditioned stimulus and the salivation becomes the conditioned response.
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